Blowing of the Trumpet

Allah will bring all living things, except the ones He wills to exempt, to extinction.

He says,

كُلُّ مَنْ عَلَيْهَا فَانٍ

“Whatsoever is on it (the earth) will perish.”
Ar-Rahmaan 55:26

Allah also says,

ۚكُلُّ شَيْءٍ هَالِكٌ إِلَّا وَجْهَهُ

“Everything will perish save His Face”
Al-Qasas 28:88

When that day comes, the Trumpet shall be blown and this blowing will bring the life of the earth and the heavens to an end.

Allah says,

وَنُفِخَ فِي الصُّورِ فَصَعِقَ مَنْ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَنْ فِي الْأَرْضِ إِلَّا مَنْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ ۖ ثُمَّ نُفِخَ فِيهِ أُخْرَىٰ فَإِذَا هُمْ قِيَامٌ يَنْظُرُونَ

“And the Trumpet will be blown, and all who are in the heavens and all who are on the earth will swoon away, except him whom Allah wills. Then it will be blown a second time, and behold they will be standing, looking on (waiting).”
Az-Zumar 39:68

It is a horrifying blowing that when a person hears it, he will not be able to make any will or to go back to his family and friends.

Allah says,

◊ مَا يَنْظُرُونَ إِلَّا صَيْحَةً وَاحِدَةً تَأْخُذُهُمْ وَهُمْ يَخِصِّمُونَ

◊ فَلَا يَسْتَطِيعُونَ تَوْصِيَةً وَلَا إِلَىٰ أَهْلِهِمْ يَرْجِعُونَ

“They await only but a single Saihah (shout), which will seize them while they are disputing! Then they will not be able to make bequest, nor will they return to their family.”
Yaaseen 36:49-50.

In an authentic Hadith reported by Muslim, the Messenger of Allah (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) said;

“Then the Trumpet will be blown, and no one will hear it but he stretches and raises up his neck to listen.

The first person to hear it is a man who is preparing water to give it to his camel. He will then swoon away and all the people will swoon away.”

The Messenger of Allah (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) informed us about the rapidity with which the death of entire mankind will take place when the Hour will be established. He said;

“The Hour will be established (so suddenly) that two persons spreading a garment between them will not be able to finish their bargain, nor will they be able to fold it up.

The Hour will be established while a man is carrying the milk of his she-camel, but cannot drink it; and the Hour will be established when someone is not able to prepare the tank to water his livestock from it; and the Hour will be established when some of you has raised his food to his mouth but cannot eat it.”

Al-Bukhari and Muslim

What is the Trumpet that will be blown?

The Messenger of Allah (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) has interpreted the meaning of the trumpet in the following Hadith.

‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr bin Al-‘Aas (may Allah be pleased with him and his father) narrated that a Bedouin man came to the Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) and asked him:

“What is the Trumpet?”

The Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) answered: “It is the horn that is blown into.””

Recorded by At-Tirmidhi

Who will be responsible for blowing the Trumpet?

Ibn Hajar Al-‘Asqalani said;

“The common sayingis that the blower of the Trumpet will be Angel Israfeel (Peace be upon him) Al-Halimi quoted the consensus of the scholars on this; and it is specifically mentioned in the Hadith narrated by Wahb bin Munabbah, the Hadith of Abu Sa’eed as recorded by Al-Bayhaqi and the Hadith of Abu Hurayrah as recorded by Ibn Marduyah; and also in the long Hadith about the Trumpet.

The Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) informed us that the Blower of Trumpet has been kept in standby to perform this function since Allah created him.

Abu Hurayrah (May Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) said;

“The gaze of the angel assigned to the Trumpet is permanently set towards the Throne fearing that He could be commanded to blow it before his glance returns to him. His eyes are like two pearly stars.”

Al-Hakim 

In the time that the Hour draws near, Israfeel readies his state furthermore to blow the Trumpet.

Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri (May Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) said;

“How can I enjoy the bliss of this world while the bearer of the Trumpet has already held it against his mouth and is attentively listening and awaiting the order to blow it?”

The Muslims said, “0 Messenger of Allah, what are we supposed to say?” He said, “Say: Allah (Alone) is Sufficient for us, and He is the Best Disposer of affairs (for us). We rely on Allah, our Lord.””

Recorded by Ibn Mubarak, At-Tirmidhi, Abu Nu”aym, Abu Ya”la Al-Mawsili, Ibn Hibbaan and AlHakim

When will the Trumpet be blown?

The Hour will be established on a Yawmul-Jumu”ah (Friday).

Abu Hurayrah (May Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) said;

“The best day on which the sun has risen is Friday; on it Adam was created, on it he was expelled (from Paradise), on it his contrition was accepted, on it he died, and on it the Last Hour will take place.

On Friday every beast is on the lookout from dawn to sunrise in fear of the Last Hour, but not jinn and men, and it contains a time at which no Muslim prays and asks anything from Allah but He will give it to him..”

Recorded by Malik and Abu Dawood 

In another Hadith, the Messenger of Allah (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) informed us that the Hour will be established on a Friday and the Resurrection will take place on that day.

Aws bin Aws narrated that the Messenger of Allah (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) said;

“Among the most excellent of your days is Friday; on it Adam was created, on it he died, on it the last trumpet will be blown, and on it the creatures will be struck down by lightening, so invoke more blessings on me that day, for your blessings will be submitted to me.

The people asked: “Messenger of Allah, how can it be that our blessings will be submitted to you while your body is decayed?” He replied: “Allah, the Exalted, has prohibited the earth from consuming the bodies of Prophets.”

Recorded by Abu Dawood, An-Nasai, Ibn Majah, Ad-Darimi and Al-Bayhaqi

Since the Hour is going to take place on Friday, all creatures, with the exception of man and jinn, are in fear on that day.

How many times will the Trumpet be blown?

What is clear is that the Trumpet will be blown twice. The first blowing will cause thunderbolt and the second one will be followed by Resurrection.

Allah says,

وَنُفِخَ فِي الصُّورِ فَصَعِقَ مَنْ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَنْ فِي الْأَرْضِ إِلَّا مَنْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ ۖ ثُمَّ نُفِخَ فِيهِ أُخْرَىٰ فَإِذَا هُمْ قِيَامٌ يَنْظُرُونَ

“And the Trumpet will be blown, and all who are in the heavens and all who are on the earth will swoon away, except him whom Allaah wills. Then it will be blown a second time, and behold they will be standing, looking on (waiting).”
Az-Zumar 39:68

 Allah also says,

يَوْمَ تَرْجُفُ الرَّاجِفَةُ

“On the Day (when the first blowing of the Trumpet is blown), the earth and the mountains will shake violently (and everybody will die).
An-Nazi”at 79:6

تَتْبَعُهَا الرَّادِفَةُ

The second blowing of the Trumpet follows it (and everybody will be resurrected).”
An-Nazi”at 79:7

In another verse, Allah says;

◊ مَا يَنْظُرُونَ إِلَّا صَيْحَةً وَاحِدَةً تَأْخُذُهُمْ وَهُمْ يَخِصِّمُونَ

They await only but a single Saihah (shout), which will seize them while they are disputing!
YaaSeen 36: 49

◊ فَلَا يَسْتَطِيعُونَ تَوْصِيَةً وَلَا إِلَىٰ أَهْلِهِمْ يَرْجِعُونَ

Then they will not be able to make bequest, nor will they return to their family
YaaSeen 36: 50

.

◊ وَنُفِخَ فِي الصُّورِ فَإِذَا هُمْ مِنَ الْأَجْدَاثِ إِلَىٰ رَبِّهِمْ يَنْسِلُونَ

And the Trumpet will be blown (i.e. the second blowing) and behold from the graves they will come out quickly to their Lord.”
YaaSeen 36: 51

The Prophetic Hadith clearly mentioned that the blowing will occur twice.

Sahih Al-Bukhari and Muslim recorded on the authority of Abu Hurayrah (May Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) said;

“Between the two blowings of the Trumpet (there would be an interval of forty). Then Allah would cause the water to descend from the sky and they (people) will sprout like vegetables.

The only part of man that will not decay will be one bone (spinal cord) from which the whole frame would be reconstructed on the Day of Resurrection.”

Another version of the Hadith, as recorded by Al-Bukhari goes thus: “Between the two blowings of the Trumpet (there would be an interval of forty)”.

They said, “Abu Hurayrah, do you mean forty days?” He said, “I cannot say anything.” They said,

“Do you mean forty months?” He said, “I cannot say anything.”

” They said, “Do you mean forty years?” He said, “I cannot say anything.

The only thing in a man which would not decay would be one bone (spinal cord) from which the whole frame would be reconstructed.””

However, some scholars are of the view that the blowing will take place three times:

  1. The first one will make the entire creation terrified.
  2. The second one will cause thunderbolt.
  3. The third one will be followed by the Resurrection.

 

This is the view held by Ibn Al-‘Arabi, Ibn Taymiyyah, Ibn Katheer and As-Safarini. Their proof is that in the Quran Allah mentions a blowing that will terrify the creation.

Allah says,

◊وَيَوْمَ يُنْفَخُ فِي الصُّورِ فَفَزِعَ مَنْ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَنْ فِي الْأَرْضِ إِلَّا مَنْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ ۚ وَكُلٌّ أَتَوْهُ دَاخِرِينَ

“And (remember) the Day on which the Trumpet will be blown -and all who are in the heavens and all who are on the earth, will be terrified except him whom Allah will (exempt). And all shall come to Him, humbled.”
An-Naml 27: 87

The holders of this opinion also cite as evidence the Hadiths that specifically mention three blowings such as the long Hadith about the Horn which is recorded by At-Tabari.

Part of that Hadith reads: “Then the Horn will be blown three times: a blowing to terrify, another to strike with thunder and the third to make the creation rise up for Allah, Lord of all the worlds.”

” As for the verse they cite as proof, it does not explicitly mention that there will be a third blowing.

For, Allah’s mentioning that the creation will be terrified does not necessarily mean that there will be a separate blowing for that.

The first blowing will terrify all the living things before it strikes them down and the second one will terrify them at their resurrection.

As regards to the Hadith of the Horn, it is a weak and inconsistent narration, according to that erudite authority in the science of Hadith, Ibn Hajar Al-‘Asqalani -may Allah have mercy upon him. Al-Bayhaqi was also reported to have declared the Hadith as weak. Allah knows best.

Who are going to be exempted from this striking down?

Allah, High and Exalted, informs us that some of those who are in the heavens and the earth will not be struck down.

Allah says,

وَنُفِخَ فِي الصُّورِ فَصَعِقَ مَنْ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَنْ فِي الْأَرْضِ إِلَّا مَنْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ ۖ ثُمَّ نُفِخَ فِيهِ أُخْرَىٰ فَإِذَا هُمْ قِيَامٌ يَنْظُرُونَ

“And the Trumpet will be blown, and all who are in the heavens and all who are on the earth will swoon away, except him whom Allah wills. Then it will be blown a second time, and behold they will be standing, looking on (waiting).”
Az-Zumar 39:68

The scholars disagree as regards who will be exempted.

Muqatil and others believe that they are Jibreel (Gabriel), Mika”eel (Michael), Israfeel and the angel of death.

Other scholars add ‘bearers of the Throne” to the list.

However, the authenticity of this view depends on the Hadiths they narrate in this regard, and the scholars of Hadith regard nothing of such Hadiths as authentic. Allah knows best.

Imam Ahmad (may Allah have mercy upon him) believed that they are those who are already in Paradise such as the Houris and children.

Abu Ishaaq and Dahhak added Keepers of Paradise and Hell and the snakes and scorpions of Hell to the list.

Ibn Taymiyyah said, “As for those who will be exempted from the strike, they include those in Paradise of the Houris for there will be no death in Paradise.”

Abu Al-‘Abbaas al-Qurtubi -the author of Al-Mufhim ila Sharh Muslim -held a view that the exempted ones are all the dead because they have already been stripped of all feeling, so they will not be struckdown.

This opinion of Abul-‘Abbaas is correct if we interpret the striking down as death, for a person can only die once.

Allah says,  

◊ لَا يَذُوقُونَ فِيهَا الْمَوْتَ إِلَّا الْمَوْتَةَ الْأُولَىٰ ۖ وَوَقَاهُمْ عَذَابَ الْجَحِيمِ

“They will never taste death therein except the first death (of this world), and He will save them from the torment of the blazing Fire.”
Ad-Dukhaan 44:56

As for Al-Bayhaqi, he is of the view that the Prophets and the martyrs will be struck down and caused to faint.

Based on this, the Prophets and the martyrs will be among those who will be struck down, and will not be exempted.

It has been reported from Ibn Abbaas, Abu Hurayrah and Sa’eed bin Jubayr that the Prophets and the martyrs are among those who will be exempted.

Ibn Hajar attributed the same opinion to Al-Bayhaqi. If what is meant is that they will be exempted from death, then this is true; but if what is meant by their exemption is striking down that affects the dead, as indicated by the Hadith of Moosa, then that is not correct. Allah knows best.

All in all, some scholars are of the view that the best stand a Muslim can have on this issue is to attribute the knowledge of those who will be exempted to Allah alone; because no authentic and explicit narration is reported in this regard. Allah knows best.