Meaning of Resurrection and Gathering in Islam

What is meant by Resurrection?

 ‘Resurrection” is physical reconstitution and bringing the creation back to life on the Day of Return.

There are some Hadiths that mention that the second blowing of the Trumpet will be preceded by a rain from the heaven.

This will result in sprouting up of bodies.

In Sahih Muslim, ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr (May Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) said;

“Allah would send or He would cause to send rain which would be like dew and there would grow out of it the bodies of the people. Then the second Trumpet would be blown and they would stand up and begin to look (around).

Then it would be said, ‘Oh people, go to your Lord”, and they will be made to stand there till they are questioned. Then it would be said, ‘Bring out a group (out of them) for the Hell-Fire.”

And then it would be asked:

‘How many?”

It would be said, ‘Nine hundred and ninety-nine out of one thousand for the Hell-Fire” and that would be the day which would make the children old because of its terror and that would be the day about which it has been said, ‘0n the day when the shank would be uncovered.” 

Sprouting of the bodies from the earth after Allah has sent down the rain will be like sprouting out of plants after rainfall in this world.

That is why, in many places in the Qur’an, Allah cites reviving the earth with plants as a parable for Resurrection. In one of these places,

He says,

وَهُوَ الَّذِي يُرْسِلُ الرِّيَاحَ بُشْرًا بَيْنَ يَدَيْ رَحْمَتِهِ ۖ حَتَّىٰ إِذَا أَقَلَّتْ سَحَابًا ثِقَالًا سُقْنَاهُ لِبَلَدٍ مَيِّتٍ فَأَنْزَلْنَا بِهِ الْمَاءَ فَأَخْرَجْنَا بِهِ مِنْ كُلِّ الثَّمَرَاتِ ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ نُخْرِجُ الْمَوْتَىٰ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَذَكَّرُونَ

“And it is He Who sends the winds as heralds of glad tidings, going before His Mercy (rain). Till when they have carried a heavy-laden cloud, We drive it to a land that is dead, then We cause water (rain) to descend thereon. Then We produce every kind of fruit therewith. Similarly, We shall raise up the dead, so that you may remember or take heed.”
Al-A”raaf 7:57

0n the Last Day, man will be reconstituted from a small bone. When it is affected with water, it will grow up like a plant. That bone is the coccyx (tailbone).

Abu Hurayrah (May Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) said, “Between the two blowings of the Trumpet (there would be an interval of forty).

Then Allah would cause the water to descend from the sky and they (people) will sprout like vegetables. The only thing in a man which would not decay would be one bone (coccyx) from which the whole frame would be reconstituted on the Day of Resurrection.”

In another Hadith recorded by Abu Dawood, An-Nasaa’i and Malik, the Messenger of Allah (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) said;

“Every son of Adam shall decay and will be eaten up by the earth except the tailbone. His creation and composition started from it.””

However, authentic Hadiths indicate that bodies of the Prophets will never decay. The Messenger of Allah (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) said, “Allah has forbidden the earth from eating up bodies of the Prophets.””

(Recorded by Abu Dawood)